Peeling is the process of removing keratinized cells from the skin surface, reducing the epidermis layer and cleansing the pores.
How Peeling Works
The principle of peeling depends on its type. There are two types of peeling: chemical and mechanical.
Chemical peeling action: the acids, when they get on the skin, dissolve the connections between the cells, exfoliating the surface layer of the epidermis.
Mechanical peeling is the work of abrasive particles that exfoliate dead skin cells, literally «cleaning» them from the skin. That is how scrubs work, their active components – natural abrasives (shredded fruit and berry seeds, salt and sugar micro-crystals) or synthetic (polyethylene granules).
The purpose of peeling is to help the skin renew. It is important that this skin care is regular, 1-3 times per week, depending on the type of skin and its condition. If you help your skin to renew regularly, your pores will be less noticeable and your skin will be more susceptible to masks and creams.
Basic rules of using
Do cosmetic peeling at home 1-3 times a week. If you do exfoliation in a clinic, the doctor – cosmetologist will choose the frequency and duration of the procedures.
This peeling to reduce pigmentation and surface wrinkles. The peeling course is 4-8 procedures with an interval of 7-10 days. Repeat course after six months;
Median Depth Peeling
Medium depth peeling recommended performing by the doctor at the clinic if you have a hyperpigmentation and pronounced wrinkles. For peeling use acids in high concentrations. Do it twice a year. If the skin is sensitive – once a year.
This is an aggressive and very traumatic procedure. It is done once every few years and only on the prescription of a doctor.
Types of Peeling
The mechanism of action of peeling is the damage to the skin by chemical agents (acids) that remove keratinized cells. Salicylic and carboxylic acid, glycolic acid and lactic acid mainly used.
Abrasive particles exfoliate dead skin cells. These can be scrubs for home use or procedures in beauty clinics.
One of the most popular procedures in clinics. The method based on laser radiation. Used for surface, median, deep peeling. The rehabilitation period depends on the degree of exposure.
Radio Wave Peeling
During the peeling session, electromagnetic radiation used in the radio frequency range. Radio wave peeling also speeds up the process of collagen synthesis in the skin.
Peeling is a seasonal procedure: it is not done in summer and late spring, and frosty winter. In the cold, especially if accompanied by cold winds, after peeling the epidermis easily injured. The change of air temperature in winter (cold outside and heat indoors) is bad for the condition of the vessels, and the redness after the procedure will be longer on the skin. In summer, high solar activity increases the risk of hyperpigmentation.
The best time to go to the clinic – the middle or end of autumn, or early spring.
If you use home peeling products, remember that after using such cosmetics, you need to protect the skin with a cream with SPF not less than 30.
The brand “Paula’s Choice” offers a Liquid Salicylic Acid Exfoliant with 2% BHA (Beta hydroxyl acid). This unique, non-abrasive, leave-on exfoliant is gentle enough for daily use on all skin types. Exfoliates dead skin cells while clearing pores for a more even tone, plus it visibly reduces fine lines & wrinkles.
The brand “Vivo Per Lei” offers a Facial Peeling Gel: exfoliates gently without hurting or irritating skin. The Dead Sea Facial scrub works well even on dry, oily or sensitive skin. This exfoliating face scrub rids skin of makeup, which gives your skin room to breathe. This skin peeling gel also moisturizes your skin and helps refresh skin to leave it feeling youthful.